france quantitative estimation of phenotypic plasticity

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  • Quantitative estimation of phenotypic plasticity:

    19 行 · 2006-9-14 · Quantitative estimation of phenotypic plasticity is, however, more than the appropriate choice of an index. It is as an integrated process that involves a robust experimental design, a correct choice and understanding of the trait, a detailed dissection of all sources of phenotypic variation, and a correct incorporation of developmental drift ...

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  • Quantitative estimation of phenotypic plasticity: bridging ...

    step in ecological approaches to phenotypic plasticity is the quantitative estimation of the phenotypic change induced by the environment, which is of particular relevance in comparative studies of different species and populations (Valladares et al. 2000a, 2005a; Balaguer et al. 2001). This estimation …

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  • Quantitative Estimation of Phenotypic Plasticity:

    Quantitative Estimation of Phenotypic Plasticity: Bridging the Gap between the Evolutionary Concept and Its Ecological Applications September 2006 Journal of Ecology 94(6):1103 - 1116

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  • (PDF) Quantitative estimation of phenotypic plasticity ...

    Quantitative estimation of phenotypic plasticity: bridging the gap between the evolutionary concept and its ecological applications

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  • Quantitative estimation of phenotypic plasticity:

    2006-11-1 · Read 'Quantitative estimation of phenotypic plasticity: bridging the gap between the evolutionary concept and its ecological applications, Journal of Ecology' on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips.

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  • Quantitative Assessment of the Importance of

    2013-7-9 · Since phenotypic plasticity is currently recognized as being responsible for the majority of adaptive phenotypic changes in response to climate change –, this model is an important step forward in predicting effects of climate change on population persistence. The model combines demographic population properties (e.g., generation time ...

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  • Phenotypic plasticity of European larch radial growth

    2021-2-20 · Phenotypic plasticity is a key mechanism for sedentary long‐living species to adjust to changing environment. Here, we use mature Larix decidua tree‐ring variables collected along an elevational transect in the French Alps to characterize the range of individual plastic responses to temperature. Stem cores from 821 mature Larix decidua trees have been collected from four plots …

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  • A quantitative genetic analysis of phenotypic plasticity ...

    Such phenotypic plasticity results in a mapping between phenotype and environment that is known as the reaction norm (for a review of the concept see Schlichting & Pigliucci, 1998).

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  • How is plant phenotypic plasticity index calculated ...

    2018-11-9 · typic plasticity has been reported in humans [ 12], animals [6, 15, 16], plants [4], and fungi [17, 18]. The term of phenotypic plasticity can be used at different integrative levels. At the population level the phenotypic plasticity is the overall phenotypic response of a species to different en-vironments. The genetic basis of those responses ...

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  • 29 questions with answers in PHENOTYPIC PLASTICITY ...

    2021-2-21 · Quantitative estimation of phenotypic plasticity: bridging the gap between the evolutionary concept and its ecological applications Journal of Ecology Volume 94, Issue 6, pages 1103–1116 ...

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  • Genetic basis of phenotypic plasticity and genotype ...

    Genetic basis of phenotypic plasticity and genotype × environment interactions in a multi-parental tomato population ... The first tomato MAGIC population was developed at INRA-Avignon in France and is composed of about 400 lines derived from an 8-way cross (Pascual et al., ... Quantitative estimation of phenotypic plasticity: bridging the gap ...

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  • (PDF) Phenotypic plasticity in heterotrophic marine ...

    2014-11-14 · Phenotypic plasticity plays an important role in stabilizing community function in the face of environmental changes, and is essential for the survival of bacteria (Beier et al., 2015). However ...

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  • Quantitative trait loci mapping of phenotypic plasticity ...

    Phenotypic plasticity can be visualized by plotting 70 trait values over environments, creating a norm of reaction. In this case, phenotypic plasticity 71 The use of subsets of lines from mapping populations is known to limit QTL mapping in two 156 ways.

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  • Phenotypic Plasticity and Selection: Nonexclusive ...

    2016-5-24 · Selection and plasticity are two mechanisms that allow the adaptation of a population to a changing environment. Interaction between these nonexclusive mechanisms must be considered if we are to understand population survival. This review discusses the ways in which plasticity and selection can interact, based on a review of the literature on selection and phenotypic plasticity in the ...

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  • Quantitative genetic differentiation and phenotypic ...

    2017-6-1 · Tree growth and species distributions are expected to be altered by climate change. European beech (Fagus sylvatica), one of the major tree species in Central Europe, is considered to be particularly threatened by the expected changes in local water regimes.Basic knowledge on the species⬢ genetic variation, environmental adaptation, and phenotypic plasticity is required to assess its ...

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  • Annals of Botany 99: 1203-1212, 2007 ^ļP

    forest (Paris region, France) and exhibiting metapopulation dynamics. • Methods The genetic diversity and phenotypic plasticity of quantitative traits (morphological and fitness com-ponents) were measured in five populations, using a combination of field measurements, common garden experi-ments and genotyping at microsatellite loci.

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  • Plant Phenotypic Plasticity in Response to

    Plants are exposed to heterogeneity in the environment where new stress factors (i.e., climate change, land use change, and invasiveness) are introduced, and where inter- and intraspecies differences may reflect resource limitation and/or environmental stress factors. Phenotypic plasticity is considered one of the major means by which plants can cope with environmental factor variability.

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  • Dissection of the molecular bases of genotype x ...

    2018-11-9 · Phenotypic plasticity, which is the ability of a genotype to produce distinct phenotypes in different environmental conditions, has been widely reviewed [1,2,3].It encompasses various aspects of the organism’s life including ontogeny [], lifespan [5, 6], response to biotic [7, 8] or abiotic [9, 10] factors, pathogen or disease susceptibility [11,12,13], and animal behavior [12, 14].

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  • Re-evaluating the costs and limits of adaptive

    2009-10-21 · Studies that have begun to unravel the genetic basis of plasticity through quantitative-genetic analyses, artificial selection and QTL analyses show a great amount of variation in the genetic basis of plasticity in the same trait across environments (e.g. Callahan & …

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  • Phenotypic plasticity and reaction norms of abdominal ...

    2019-4-9 · 91190 Gif sur Yvette Cedex , France *Corresponding author (Fax , 33 -1-69823736; Email , [email protected] -gif.fr) The phenotypic plasticity of abdominal bristle number (segments 3 and 4 in females) was inve stigated in 10 iso - female lines from a French population, grown at 7 constant temperatures, ranging from 12° to 31°C. Overall

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  • Genetic basis of phenotypic plasticity and genotype x ...

    2020-5-5 · Genetic basis of phenotypic plasticity and genotype x environment interaction in a multi-parental population Isidore Diouf1, Laurent Derivot2, Shai KOUSSEVITZKY3, Yolande Carretero1, Frederique Bitton 1, Laurence Moreau , and Mathilde Causse1 1INRAE 2GAUTIER Semences 3Hazera May 5, 2020 Abstract

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  • Dryad Data -- Assessing adaptive phenotypic

    2014-2-4 · Conditional strategies are the most common form of discrete phenotypic plasticity. In a conditional strategy, the phenotype expressed by an organism is determined by the difference between an environmental cue and a threshold, both of which may vary among individuals.

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  • Quantitative genetic differentiation and phenotypic ...

    2017-6-1 · Tree growth and species distributions are expected to be altered by climate change. European beech (Fagus sylvatica), one of the major tree species in Central Europe, is considered to be particularly threatened by the expected changes in local water regimes.Basic knowledge on the species⬢ genetic variation, environmental adaptation, and phenotypic plasticity is required to assess its ...

    Get Price
  • Plant Phenotypic Plasticity in Response to

    Plants are exposed to heterogeneity in the environment where new stress factors (i.e., climate change, land use change, and invasiveness) are introduced, and where inter- and intraspecies differences may reflect resource limitation and/or environmental stress factors. Phenotypic plasticity is considered one of the major means by which plants can cope with environmental factor variability.

    Get Price
  • Phenotypic plasticity of Drosophila suzukii wing to ...

    2009-10-21 · Studies that have begun to unravel the genetic basis of plasticity through quantitative-genetic analyses, artificial selection and QTL analyses show a great amount of variation in the genetic basis of plasticity in the same trait across environments (e.g. Callahan & …

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  • Re-evaluating the costs and limits of adaptive

    2019-11-27 · High-Content Imaging of Unbiased Chemical Perturbations Reveals that the Phenotypic Plasticity of the Actin Cytoskeleton Is Constrained Author links open overlay panel Nicole S. Bryce 1 Tim W. Failes 2 Justine R. Stehn 1 Karen Baker 3 Stefan Zahler 4 Yulia Arzhaeva 5 Leanne Bischof 5 Ciaran Lyons 1 Irina Dedova 1 Greg M. Arndt 2 Katharina Gaus ...

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  • High-Content Imaging of Unbiased Chemical

    However, although phenotypic plasticity may favour the viability of R. nodiflorus in the short term by allowing the production of numerous seeds under a wide range of environmental conditions, the species survival may be compromised in the long term, as phenotypic plasticity without genetic variation is not sufficient to face large ...

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  • No Genetic Diversity at Molecular Markers and Strong ...

    2012-10-22 · Phenotypic plasticity has been suggested as the main mechanism for species persistence under a global change scenario, and also as one of the main mechanisms that alien species use to tolerate and invade broad geographic areas. However, contrasting with this central role of phenotypic plasticity, standard models aimed to predict the effect of climatic change on species distributions do …

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  • Phenotypic plasticity and reaction norms of abdominal ...

    2019-4-9 · 91190 Gif sur Yvette Cedex , France *Corresponding author (Fax , 33 -1-69823736; Email , [email protected] -gif.fr) The phenotypic plasticity of abdominal bristle number (segments 3 and 4 in females) was inve stigated in 10 iso - female lines from a French population, grown at 7 constant temperatures, ranging from 12° to 31°C. Overall

    Get Price
  • Patterns of phenotypic plasticity among populations

    2019-8-6 · 2 20 Abstract 21 Aim: Under rapid environmental change, phenotypic plasticity, if adaptive, could increase the odds 22 for organisms to persist. Environmental variation over time is an important source of phenotypic 23 plasticity. Likewise, phenotypic plasticity can vary with age in many organisms.

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  • Genetic basis of phenotypic plasticity and genotype x ...

    2020-5-5 · Genetic basis of phenotypic plasticity and genotype x environment interaction in a multi-parental population Isidore Diouf1, Laurent Derivot2, Shai KOUSSEVITZKY3, Yolande Carretero1, Frederique Bitton 1, Laurence Moreau , and Mathilde Causse1 1INRAE 2GAUTIER Semences 3Hazera May 5, 2020 Abstract

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  • Deciphering Hybrid Larch Reaction Norms Using

    2019-1-1 · The link between phenotypic plasticity and heterosis is a broad fundamental question, with stakes in breeding. We report a case-study evaluating temporal series of wood ring traits of hybrid larch ( Larix decidua × L. kaempferi and reciprocal) in relation to soil water availability. Growth rings record the tree plastic responses to past environmental conditions, and we used random regressions ...

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  • Phenotypic plasticity of Drosophila suzukii wing to ...

    2012-10-22 · Phenotypic plasticity has been suggested as the main mechanism for species persistence under a global change scenario, and also as one of the main mechanisms that alien species use to tolerate and invade broad geographic areas. However, contrasting with this central role of phenotypic plasticity, standard models aimed to predict the effect of climatic change on species distributions do …

    Get Price
  • Latitudinal Patterns in Phenotypic Plasticity and

    Phenotypic plasticity will be the only adaptation mechanism available for survival. Thus, the next generation will . be produced according to their respective fitness. Beyond that moment, genetic diversity will play a central role. The high phenotypic . plasticity of P. sylvestris was already reported for individuals from Nordic countries.

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  • Pinheiro Silvestre em Portugal: 'extremo sudoeste' ou ...

    2004-8-25 · Phenotypic plasticity and reaction norms in temperate and tropical populations of Drosophila melanogaster. Ovarian size and developmental temperatures. Ovarian …

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  • Isofemale lines in Drosophila: an empirical approach

    Phenotypic plasticity is a key element in the functioning of organisms in variable environments, and influences their evolution (e.g. Dewitt and Scheiner, 2004a).A common definition of phenotypic plasticity is the environmentally sensitive production of alternative phenotypes by given genotypes (Stearns, 1989; Dewitt and Scheiner, 2004b).The environmental factors may be either abiotic (e.g ...

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  • Limited genetic variability and phenotypic plasticity ...

    2014-2-1 · Assessment of phenotypic plasticity According to Falconer & Mackay ( ), the total phenotypic variance of a population can be modelled as: σ P 2 = σ G 2 + σ E 2 + 2 cov GE + σ GE 2 + σ ε 2 where σ P 2 is the phenotypic variance of a population, σ G 2 is the genetic variance of a population, and σ E 2 is the general environmental effect ...

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  • The ecological adaptation of new spring canola varieties ...

    2021-5-4 · The ecological plasticity and stability of yield, 1,000 seeds weight, protein and oil content were estimated according to Eberhart and Russell model (Eberhart & Russell, 1966) using PTC Mathcad Prime 3.1 software (trial version). The phenotypic plasticity (β) is the regression coefficient of studied characteristic which are calculated taking into

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  • NONPARAMETRIC ESTIMATION OF NATURAL

    2006-1-1 · Abstract Assessing natural selection on a phenotypic trait in wild populations is of primary importance for evolutionary ecologists. To cope with the imperfect detection of individuals inherent to monitoring in the wild, we develop a nonparametric method for evaluating the form of natural selection on a quantitative trait using mark‐recapture data. Our approach uses penalized splines to ...

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  • Frontiers | The Relative Importance of Genetic

    2016-2-24 · Phenotypic plasticity has been proposed as an important adaptive strategy for clonal plants in heterogeneous habitats. Increased phenotypic plasticity can be especially beneficial for invasive clonal plants, allowing them to colonize new environments even when genetic diversity is low. However, the relative importance of genetic diversity and phenotypic plasticity for invasion success remains ...

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  • Topological signatures in regulatory network enable ...

    2021-3-17 · Such SATS have been shown to be multistable and tend to underlie phenotypic plasticity and heterogeneity in multiple cell-fate decisions (Guantes and Poyatos, 2008; Lu et al., 2013; Sahoo et al., 2020; Zhou and Huang, 2011). This ‘teaming up’ can potentially explain (1) why single-edge perturbations in the WT SCLC network are rarely ...

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  • Antarctic Climate Change: Extreme Events Disrupt

    2014-1-29 · In the context of predicted alteration of sea ice cover and increased frequency of extreme events, it is especially timely to investigate plasticity within Antarctic species responding to a key environmental aspect of their ecology: sea ice variability. Using 13 years of longitudinal data, we investigated the effect of sea ice concentration (SIC) on the foraging efficiency of Adélie penguins ...

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  • CSIRO PUBLISHING | Functional Plant Biology

    Leaf traits of tropical tree species display an important inter-specific diversity, as detected for instance in the large range of values of leaf mass : area ratio (LMA). They also demonstrate a large irradiance-elicited plasticity, but there is still debate whether this plasticity differs among species. To address this question, leaf traits were recorded on saplings from 12 rainforest tree ...

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  • Life history variation in the heavy metal tolerant plant ...

    2006-11-6 · In order to test the phenotypic response to variability in soil Zn concentration and light availability in metallicolous and nonmetallicolous plants of T. caerulescens, we carried out a common garden experiment from December 2003 to July 2004 in the experimental field of the Centre d’Ecologie Fonctionnelle et Evolutive, CNRS, Montpellier, France.

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  • NONPARAMETRIC ESTIMATION OF NATURAL

    2006-3-1 · Assessing natural selection on a phenotypic trait in wild populations is of primary importance for evolutionary ecologists. To cope with the imperfect detection of individuals inherent to monitoring in the wild, we develop a nonparametric method for evaluating the form of natural selection on a quantitative trait using mark-recapture data. Our approach uses penalized splines to achieve ...

    Get Price